Japanese Art

Door Aliceholt gepubliceerd op Friday 08 May 17:11

The Japanese style of paintings has largely originated within the west. Initially, the Japanese studied the western painting to be able to learn the western technology. The Japanese music also transformed during the Meiji era. The Japanese people adopted the western ways of performing music that was taught in school, military and the church. They also adopted new instruments that were used to perform music. Various forms of music from the west were also assimilated during this era. Moreover, the western architecture was introduced with the Japanese learning modern ways of construction, and this is evident from the architecture of the cities in Japan. As the cities were being constructed, there was massive degradation of the environment, and this has altered the balance in the ecosystem.

The Japanese people were also influenced to adopt the language of western states. Unlike in the ancient times, when the Japanese only spoke and understood their language, today they have learnt other languages and one of them is English. Their diet has also changed. Today the Japanese eat fish, which was prohibited in the traditional society. The western mode of dressing has also been adopted by the Japanese people.

Women Rights Issues in Japan

Japan is a patriarchal society with male chauvinist. From ancient times, Japanese women have been regarded as their male counterparts. A preview into the history of women rights in Japan will help us understand the development of women rights in this country. During the Hein period that is the period of the 12th century; women could get educated and own property or even inherit it from their family members. Women in this era empowered themselves and were a match to the male gender. They had access to opportunities that men had, and the society was highly competitive.

The emergence of shogunate that is the rule of feudal governors marked the beginning of the decline of women’s status. The feudal rulers had little regard to the rights of women. The rulers took away various women rights and this adversely affected the impact that women had in society. During this era, peasants had freedoms while women in the upper class had no freedoms since they were seen as threats to their male counter parts.

The Meiji era was characterized by increased urban growth and industrial development. The authority of men declined and the rights of women denied. At the early stages of this era, the status of women was low as they were seen merely as mothers or wives. However, Japan realized that it had to reinstate the status of women in order to be able to match the western nation. This led to increased education of women, and the establishment of Women School education. In 1873, education opportunities were made equally available to all people irrespective of their gender or social class, and this played an essential role in the empowerment of women. Women later got employment in the textile industry and the cotton industry. The plight of women had not ceased with gaining employment, the women had to work under hard and deplorable working conditions. Their wages were also meager as compared to the work load they did. Although all aspects were not glamorous for women, it marked the beginning of better opportunities and increased rights for the oppressed Japanese women.

With the inception of effective equality law under the constitution, Japan is ready to implement these laws to the letter. Women today as in the ancient times continue to be discriminated, especially in the work place. Labor laws are unfair and undermine women realization of their full potential. Working women are not accorded equal opportunities when it comes to the promotion and career development. It is common to find women in Japan stagnate in the same job group while the male employees advance their careers. Working mothers also face a significant challenge in balancing their work and catering for their children. In Japan, the working hours are highly long and hence working mothers do not have time to take care of their children. There are many cases when the women quit their jobs in order to take care of their children. Men have left all the household chores in the hands of women, and if the women are working they have to sacrifice the work to take care of their families.

Women in Japan have come up with ways to ensure that they survive in the hostile environment. Most of them open up enterprises that they can run according to their own schedule that are more flexible. It is essential to note that Japan is slowly showing some level of regard to women rights. The international community played one of the key roles in the changes. The international community has raised concerns over Japanese disregard to internationally accepted codes that Japan is member of.

Japans’ Birth Rates

Japan is one of the world’s most populated countries with a total population of approximately 228 million persons. Over the last five years, the birth rate of Japan has declined tremendously. A declining birth rate denotes a decline in population growth. Fertility levels of people and age structures determine the birth rate of the country. The Japanese government has been a great supporter of a lower rate of birth in the country. The population of Japan started increasing during the Meiji era, which saw the population grows to over 60 million. The population tremendously increased to over 120 million. In the last decade, the government has put efforts to lower birth rates in order to realize a sustainable economy. Today, the larger percentage of Japan is made up of elderly or senior citizens. The elderly account for close to 30 million, which is roughly 23% of the Japanese population. Japan has the largest number of elderly people in the world.

The rate of birth declines on a yearly basis while the rate of death increases. The increased death rate in Japan is a result of a large population of an elderly person who could die as a result of sickness, or old age. Another reason of the increased maternal age is lower birth rates. Women give birth at an older age, and this lowers chances of conception owing to declined fertility and limits the number of children one can bear. Life expectancy in Japan is on the rise while infant mortality is declining owing to improved health care in the country. The rate of marriage in Japan is declining steadily, and divorce is a common practice. This has also contributed to the decline of births in the country.

Government Policy on Raising Birth Rates

Japans birth rate is the lowest in the world, and this has posed a major challenge. It is forecasted that the population of Japan can decline to 95 million in the years 2050. This decline can pose a significant challenge to one of the world’s most industrialized countries. The country can experience labor shortage if the birth rate problem is not checked. Poor policies and workplace discrimination are some of the main reasons why women are turning away the idea of child birth. According to the government, lower child birth would result having half of the population as elderly, and this would be a heavy burden to cater for their health needs and increased pension expenses.

To fix this problem, the government is offering families 26,000 yen for children joining school. This fund is paid on a monthly basis. This has encouraged a number of struggling families to give birth. The government has also given benefits to single parents to enable them to support themselves and their children. It is essential to note that in Japan, 3% of babies are born outside marriage. In other countries such as France, Sweden and USA, they account for 50% of the children born. There is high stigmatization if such was to occur in Japan and these are some of the issues the government is trying to deal with. Working mothers are also being given incentives such as giving financial aid to afford their daily needs. Development of daycare centers is another method used by the government to encourage births in the country. The payment system has been widely criticized with people asking how viable the project. However, the country has to ensure that their economy is sustainable now and for the future generations to come.

Modernization has been experienced in every part of the world at one time or the other. Modernization does not mean that a society abandons its cultures and beliefs and adopts new practices; rather it means that a society should be open to new ideas that enhance their economic, social and political aspects. Japan has been open to modernity, and this is the reason as to why today it is one of the world’s most industrialized countries. Western influence is accepted as long as it impacts on the society positively. The Japanese government should strive to develop policies that protect and safeguard women rights. The rights of women are infringed, and the society is paying little attention to it. Women need to be accorded equal opportunities to empower themselves as men in the society. The declining birth rate is also an issue of concern in modern Japan that needs to be addressed to avert a catastrophe in the country.

Alice Holt is the author of this blog post. Also, she is a writer at descriptive essay help online service. 

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