How did Wimbledon exist?

Door Alpha01 gepubliceerd op Thursday 11 September 16:35

The greatest winners

Every Wimbledon tournament has twenty winners. The greatest tennis players participate in every Wimbledon tournament.

The greatest male winners:

  • Bjorn Borg: Five Wimbledon single titles in 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979 and 1980.
  • Pete Sampras: Seven Wimbledon single titles. He won them in 1993, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998, 1999 and 2000.


The greatest female winners:

  • Martina Navratilova: Nine Wimbledon single titles. She won them in 1978, 1979, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987 and 1990.
  • Steffi Graff: Six Wimbledon single titles, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995 and 1996.

 

The origin and history of Wimbledon

Wimbledon, also known as the British Open, is a tennis tournament, which takes place every year. It’s a Grand Slam Tournament in Wimbledon, a suburb of South-West London. Wimbledon, usually held in June/July, is the third Grand Slam Tournament played each year, after the Australian Open and the French Open. The US Open follows Wimbledon.
The first (amateur) Wimbledon championships took place in 1877. This really was an English affair. The tournament was called The Lawn Tennis Championships then, and was organised by the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club. It was not allowed for women to participate, so the only event held was the men’s single. In 1884, tournaments for men and women were added. These were men’s and ladies double. No British man has won the singles event at Wimbledon since Fred Perry in 1936, and no British woman since Virginia Wade in 1977.

Around 1900, Wimbledon had become a popular and worthy tennis tournament. In 1922, a new complex was built at the Church Road. This building was able to give seats to 14.000 visitors. This really promoted the popularity and size of the Wimbledon tournament.

Today, the Wimbledon tournament is one of the most prestigious and important tennis tournaments to many people. Wimbledon is the biggest tournament played on grass, for sure. The British character of Wimbledon gives the tournament just that what it needs to make it kind of unique. Some typical things of Wimbledon are, for example: everybody has to be dressed and white, and everyone who participates eats lots of strawberries and whipped cream.
Also, Wimbledon has it’s own system for the placing of players in the schedule, which is often criticized by many different people. This system doesn’t even look like all of the other systems. It’s not based on the rank of the players, but on the prestations they think they are going to make.

The tournament normally takes two weeks. The schedule is as follows:

  • Four qualifying rounds
  • The quarterfinals
  • The semifinals
  • The final


Wimbledon isn’t just one tournament. There are separated tournaments for men and women singles, doubles and mixed doubles and even a tournament for junior players.
 

Wimbledon facts

  • Green and purple are the traditional and official colors of Wimbledon.
  • As is said before, everybody has to be dressed in white.
  • Everybody, at least almost everybody, eats strawberries and whipped cream at Wimbledon. That’s one of the most famous Wimbledon traditions.
  • The most important games are played on the Center Court. Court 2 is also known as The Graveyard. This is because players who look stronger on paper have been beaten by players who (should be) not as strong as they are, and this happened not just once!
  • On one of the days of the tournament, school kids can come watch a game for free.
  • The prize for the men’s and women’s champions has been given to the champions the same way, every year. The Duchess of Kent with her husband, the Duke of Kent, always do this.


The tournament begins each year six weeks before the first Monday of August. Traditionally, there are no games played on the “Middle Sunday”. Sometimes, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday. During the first week, the qualifying rounds are played. During the second week the “Round of Sixteen”, the quarterfinals, the semifinals and finals are held.

The men’s singles champion receives a silver gilt trophy. This trophy is (over) eighteen inches. The women’s singles champion receives a silver salver. This prize is almost nineteen inches in diameter. It’s also known as the “Rosewater Dish” or the “Venus Rosewater Dish”. The prize money isn’t the same every year, but here’s a list of the prize money of Wimbledon in 2004:

  • Men’s singles: £602,500
  • Women’s singles: £560,500
  • Men’s doubles: £215,000
  • Women’s doubles: £200,000
  • Mixed doubles: £90,000

 

About the players

Below you see information about some players who have played at Wimbledon. Some of them still play there; some of them have quit playing.
 

  • Ramon Sluiter: this is a Dutch tennis player. He belongs to the Dutch top and has participated at Wimbledon. He is 26 and participated at Wimbledon four times. He reached the third round at the singles and the second round at the doubles. He did this with Martin Verkerk.
  • Guillermo Coria: this is an Argentinean tennis player and he is 22 years old. He played at Wimbledon three times and reached the second round at the singles.
  • Venus Williams: she is from the USA and is 24 years old. She played seven Wimbledon championships and her best single performance is that she won in 2000. She also won the singles in 2001, and in 2002 and 2003 she played the doubles with her sister Serena Williams. When they played the doubles, they won.
  • Roger Federer: this guy is from Switzerland. He is 23 years old and he won the tournament in 2003 and 2004. In 2000, he also played the Wimbledon doubles. He lost the quarter final, together with his teammate, so they were eliminated from the tournament.
  • Marad Safin: from Russia. He participated at Wimbledon five times and his best single performance is when he lost the quarter final in 2001. In 2001 he reached the third round at the doubles.
  • Lindsay Davenport: Lindsay is 28 years old and lives in the USA. She has participated at ten Wimbledon championships and her best single performance was in 1999, when she won. She has also won the doubles in 1999 with Bob Bryan.

 

The Wimbledon museum

Wimbledon is known world wide, so that means there are a lot things which have something to do with Wimbledon. For example, the movie and the computer games. But there is one more thing. The Wimbledon museum. I’m going to tell you something about this museum, right now.

In 1977, the Wimbledon museum was opened by the Duke of Kent, who always gives away the prizes now. When the Centre Court east building was built, they already made some plans for the Wimbledon museum. The museum is well known all around the world, and it is not only a museum. It also contains a shop, a library and a café.
The library is opened from Tuesday till Friday, but is closed when the Wimbledon championships have started. The café and the shop are opened the whole year for visitors.

The museum is well visited. Every year, at least 500 kids visit with school. To make it a bit more attractive, workshops are held. During the championships, the museum is opened from 10.30 AM to 8.00 PM.
At the middle Sunday, the museum is closed. The Monday after the championships, everyone is having some rest so it’s closed too.

There also is a hall of fame in the museum. This hall of fame contains the players who have been one of the greatest. I don’t know who are in the hall of fame now, but I guess it are only great legends like John McEnroe. Every player dreams of a place in the hall of fame in the Wimbledon museum, so I think that’s a reason to practice for all of them.

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